Philadelphia was founded in 1682 by William Penn to serve as capital of Pennsylvania Colony. During the American Revolution, Philadelphia played an instrumental role as a meeting place for the Founding Fathers of the United States, who signed the Declaration of Independence in 1776 and the Constitution in 1787. Philadelphia was one of the nation's capitals during the Revolutionary War, and the city served as the temporary U.S. capital while Washington, D.C., was under construction. Popular nicknames for Philadelphia are Philly and "The City of Brotherly Love", the latter of which comes from the literal meaning of the city's name in Greek.
During the 19th century, Philadelphia became a major industrial center and railroad hub that grew from an influx of European immigrants. It became a prime destination for African Americans during the Great Migration and surpassed two million occupants by 1950. Keith and I recently took a #RoadTrip up to Philly for the weekend. Here are a few things we saw during our stay:
It originally cracked when first rung after arrival in Philadelphia, and was twice recast by local workmen John Pass and John Stow, whose last names appear on the bell. In its early years, the Liberty Bell was used to summon lawmakers to legislative sessions and to alert citizens to public meetings and proclamations. It was moved from its longtime home in Independence Hall to a nearby glass pavilion on Independence Mall in 1976, and then to the larger Liberty Bell Center adjacent to the pavilion in 2003.
|Northwestern View from City Hall|
One place I really wanted to visit was the Philadelphia Museum of Art. It is among the largest art museums in the U.S. and has collections of more than 227,000 objects that include "world-class holdings of European and American paintings, prints, drawings, and decorative arts."
|Rocky statue with Philadelphia Museum of Art in background.|
Eastern State Penitentiary was once the most famous and expensive prison in the world, but stands today in ruin, a haunting world of crumbling cellblocks and empty guard towers. Known for its grand architecture and strict discipline, this was the world’s first true "penitentiary," a prison designed to inspire penitence, or true regret, in the hearts of convicts. Its vaulted, sky-lit cells once held many of America's most notorious criminals, including bank robber "Slick Willie" Sutton and Al Capone. Take a self guided audio tour, narrated by Steve Buscemi, through this eerie prison.
|Clockwise from top left: Gothic entrance, hospital wing, Al Capone's posh cell, view of main prison hall|
|Amish grilled cheese with tomatoes.|
|Top: Fresh basked Apple dumplings|
Bottom Left: Flowers, Right: Seafood
|Meats from the Italian Market.|